NATIONAL FEDERATION PRO NATURA
The National Federation “Pro Natura” is the oldest Italian environmental organization. It was officially incorporated in October 1959 under the name “Pro Natura Italica”, as the direct descendent of the “Movimento Italiano Protezione della Natura” (MIPN), which was established in June of 1948 at Sarre, in Valle d’Aosta, by a group of naturalists who were directly involved in environmental conservation. The leaders of this group were Paolo and Renzo Videsott. At that time, Renzo was the director of the Gran Paradiso National Park.
The MIPN was very active from the time of its inception and throughout the 1950’s, with various chapters in north and central Italy (Turin, Milan, Vicenza, Trento, Genoa). What set the MIPN apart from other similar groups of that time was its dedication to raising awareness of the social and political implications involved in the defense of nature with respect to its various components: geology, landscape, flora and fauna.
The association managed, without undue emotion, to link environmental understanding and scientific integrity in confronting ecological problems.
Pro Natura Italica was officially incorporated in October 1959 through the initial efforts of “Pro Natura Torino”, the “Emiliana Pro Montibus et Silvis” (pro mountain and forest society), the “Union of Bolognese Naturalists”, the “Genovese Provincial Committee for the Protection of Nature”, the “Naturalist Society of Verona” and the “Carso Committee for the Protection of Flora and Fauna”.
Their original leader was Cesare Chiodini, who at that time was also the president of “Touring Club Italiano”. He was succeeded in later years by: Valerio Giacomini, Alberto Silvestri, Francesco Corbetta, Corrado Maria Daclon and Walter Giuliano, the current president.
In the early 1970’s, the periodical “Natura Società” was first published by Valerio Giacomini, noted Botanist and Ecologist from the University of Rome; and Dario Paccino, journalist and writer (“L’imbroglio Ecologico” edited by Einaudi). After a brief suspension in the early 1980’s, it became the official tri-monthly newsletter for the Federation Pro Natura, under the new title: “Natura e Società”.
Scientific method and sociopolitical awareness have been the leading principles of the National Federation Pro Natura for over 60 years.
The governing rules, along with its statutes were laid down in 1973 in the “Forli Papers”, which established the association’s guidelines; later updated in 1981, the text of which follows.